Contracting-out, efficiency and evaluation in the production of social services by Martin Knapp Download PDF EPUB FB2
The theory of contracting suggests that, provided certain conditions are met, contracting out has the potential to improve efficiency without sacrificing quality, when compared to direct supply by public organizations. In countries making the transition from socialism to market-based economies, the situation is much more complicated.
This chapter examines the experience with contracting out. Privatization of government services in the United States has accelerated in the last two decades, especially at the state and local levels. This work focuses on contracting out--the most widely used method of privatization.
Contributors from academia, consulting firms, government agencies, and private providers discuss the why and how of contracting out and examine the results of contracted. The underlying notion of contracting out is the belief that the introduction of market elements in the production of public services increases effectiveness and efficiency.
evaluation, social. This chapter evaluates whether there is evidence that contracting out has resulted in improved cost efficiency as argued by reform advocates.
The empirical focus is delimited to local road and park services in Danish municipalities, which is an appropriate empirical setting for evaluating the reform outcomes due to the widespread and long-term Author: Kurt Houlberg, Ole Helby Petersen.
Dilemmas of Evaluation, Accountability and Politics: Contracting Out Social Services in Ontario responsiveness, efficiency, equity and effectiveness of those services. efficiency and evaluation in the production of social services book This set of responsibilities entails the capacity of government (whether through legislation, regulation, policy or contract), to develop and implement standards of Cited by: 2.
Proponents of privatization purport that infusing private-sector involvement (whether through divestiture or co-production) induces competition, enhances efficiency of services, and reduces the. Elizabeth Macadam, trained in the United States, was the first to propose a generic base to social services training in her book The Social Servant in the Making.
The people she identified as suitable for a common training programme, however, included public health inspectors, factory inspectors and national insurance officers.
The social services sector is many years behind the private sector in terms of using technology to enable efficiency and continuous improvement. Consider the common scenario of overworked and underpaid providers or caseworkers who must fill out various lengthy reports that may not prompt meaningful questions, only to have them filed away in.
of contracting out public sector tasks: A research-based review of Danish and international studies from 5 el, Germà, Xavier Fageda, and Mildred E. Warner. ZIs Private Production of Public Services heaper than Public Produc. The five criteria to evaluate interventions (relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, and sustainability outlined in the OEDC/DAC evaluation guidelines provide a good starting framework for a range of initiatives in development areas (health, natural resource management, community resilience, etc.).
Evaluation questions also to be. The book first discusses the various ideas which comprise the theory of the social contract, and then traces the history as it developed.
The central theme of the social contract, the relationship of citizens and government, is also analyzed. Social Efficiency Ideology A Scientific Technique of Curriculum Making. InFranklin Bobbitt launched the Social Efficiency ideology by demanding that educators learn to use the scientific techniques of production developed by industry (Bobbitt, ).
InBobbitt published. The Curriculum— the book that marks the. Essays for The Social Contract. The Social Contract literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Social Contract. Locke and Rousseau; Melville's Political Thought in "Moby-Dick" Love in the Passions; Human Inequality and Rousseau's Social Contract Solution.
The article describes, analyzes and evaluates the lessons and dilemmas resulting from the Government's policy of contracting out with non-governmental organizations for the provision of three types of services: foster care, adoption and home care services for the elderly.
Energy Efficiency: Concepts and Calculations is the first book of its kind to provide an applied, systems oriented description of energy intensity and efficiency in modern economies across the entire energy chain.
With an emphasis on analysis, specifically energy flow analysis, lifecycle energy accounting, economic analysis, technology evaluation, and policies/strategies for adopting high.
Social workers have expressed a cultural bias against the notion of efficiency as a guiding concept in the delivery of human services. The call for efficiency has been used to rationalize cutting budgets, implementing dehumanizing procedures, and scrimping on quality (Wildavsky, ).
Introduction. Private delivery of government‐funded services by means of contracting out constitutes an increasingly utilized alternative to public provision of technical and social services in developed countries (Ohlsson ; Stolt et al.
; Rostgaard and Szebehely ).A number of studies have highlighted private production as more cost‐effective than public production (Blom. Modeling social services performance: a four-stage DEA approach to evaluate fundraising efficiency, capacity building, service quality, and effectiveness in the nonprofit sector 30 June | Annals of Operations Research, Vol.
No. Contracting out public services remains one of the most popular forms of public-private partnerships in America today. Through contracts with private sector companies, government agencies can reduce expenditures, improve efficiency, and sometimes provide higher quality public services than they otherwise would be able to provide.
Efficiency entails a managerial focus on minimizing the time required to complete individual tasks as well as that required to complete the whole operation or process of production and distribution. Calculability is a focus on quantifiable objectives (counting things) rather than subjective ones (evaluation of quality).; Predictability and standardization are found in repetitive and routinized.
Evaluation,” the Inspection and Evaluation (I&E) Committee has made technical changes that bring the document into full compliance with the IG Reform Act, including replacing all references to the “PCIE” (President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency) and the ECIE” “ (Executive Council on Integrity and Efficiency) with CIGIE.
However. The Social Contract is an extensive, intellectual contemplation and examination on the nature and function of government.
Historical examples as well as ones contemporary to the time at which the book was written (the mid s) are cited in support of the author's many arguments, which all essentially boil down to three main ideological, and therefore thematic, statements. Evaluation is a process that critically examines a program.
It involves collecting and analyzing information about a program’s activities, characteristics, and outcomes. Its purpose is to make judgments about a program, to improve its effectiveness, and/or to inform programming decisions (Patton, ).
This book provides a detailed guide. Evaluation research is the systematic assessment of the worth or merit of time, money, effort and resources spent in order to achieve a goal. Evaluation research is closely related to but slightly different from more conventional social research.
It uses many of the same methods used in traditional social research, but because it takes place. Energy Efficiency: Concepts and Calculations is the first book of its kind to provide an applied, systems oriented description of energy intensity and efficiency in modern economies across the entire energy chain.
With an emphasis on analysis, specifically energy flow analysis, lifecycle energy accounting, economic analysis, technology. ways with production processes and the material standard of living, economic analysis mostly focuses on the allocation of resources for the production of goods and services to meet the preferences of the population.
The concept of efficiency relates to this allocation, and hence the standard of living contributions to wellbeing. Efficiency is the fundamental reduction in the amount of wasted resources that are used to produce a given number of goods or services (output).
Economic efficiency results from the. A practical guide for engaging stakeholders in developing evaluation questions In this report Hallie Preskill and Nathalie Jones describes a five-step process for engaging stakeholders in developing evaluation questions, and includes four worksheets and a case example to further facilitate the planning and implementation of your stakeholder engagement process.
At the time this book was published inMichael Lessnoff was in the Department of Politics at the University of Glasgow. He has written a number of other books such as Political Philosophers of the Twentieth Century, Political Culture of Contemporary Britain: People and Politicians, Principles and Practice, The Spirit of Capitalism and the Protestant Ethic: An Enquiry into the Weber Reviews: 1.
4.”9 The starting point is that the traditional bureaucratic structures that ushered in the industrialized economies of the 20th century may have been appropriate for that era but have reached a point of diminishing returns. The large size and rigid structures of the traditional system are too cumbersome for the new era of instant communication and an economy in which.
Outsourcing of work is also done for content writing, data entry, editing services, typing work, image manipulation services, transcription and data conversion services. India is the number one country providing efficient offshore outsourcing services to their clients; it provides outsourcing services in almost all the areas of outsourcing.Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency ofa productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of an aggregate output to a single input or an aggregate input used in a production process, i.e.
output per unit of input, typically over a specific period of time. The most common example is the (aggregate) labour productivity measure, e.g., such as GDP per worker.Social costs include both the private costs and any other external costs to society arising from the production or consumption of a good or service.
Social costs will differ from private costs, for example, if a producer can avoid the cost of air pollution control equipment allowing the firm's production to imposes costs (health or.